These common eye diseases must be taken seriously to avoid loss of vision. Our eyes play a very vital role in our lives, but just like other parts of our body, they can be vulnerable to many diseases and conditions. This is why it’s extremely necessary that we take care of them, and most importantly, get regular checks. These common eye diseases can be avoided too if detected early
We are going to discuss eleven different and common eye diseases in this article and how they can be treated. Intrigued? Let’s get started then…
11 Common Eye Conditions And Their Treatment
One of the most common eye diseases is cataracts which can get worse with age. When cataracts affect your lens, they cause your vision to become distorted or cloudy. Sensitivity to light, double vision, and vision issues in the dark are some of the most common symptoms associated with this condition.
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Eye surgery is the only best way to fully remove cataracts. There is no eye drop or medication approved by the FDA to successfully treat cataract. However, a change in your prescription glasses may be of some assistance if you spot them early enough.
Glaucoma is the name given to a group of diseases that cause optic nerve damage (usually as a result of abnormally high blood pressure in the eye) is among the common eye diseases. There are two different types of glaucoma with different symptoms. These symptoms can include headaches, pain, and blurred vision.
Glaucoma can cause blindness if left untreated, so it’s necessary to take preventive steps without delay. This involves wearing eye protection, having daily eye examinations, and consistently taking any eye drops prescribed.
The different glaucoma eye drops include Xalatan (latanoprost), Lumigan (bimatoprost), Travatan Z (Travoprost), and Zioptan (tafluprost), and Vyzulta (latanoprostene bunod). They work by increasing the outflow of fluid from the eye thereby decreasing pressure in the eye.
I take glaucoma as the most dangerous of these common eye diseases as loss of vision due to the disease can’t be restored.
Infection or inflammation of the clear membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelid and protects the white portion of your eyeball is known as pink eye or conjunctivitis. They are more evident when tiny blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed. This is what causes the white part of the eyes to look reddish or pink.
Most of the time, within a few days or two weeks, the pink eye clears up. There are several types of pink eyes, including viruses and bacteria: viruses such as adenovirus and herpes virus cause the viral pink eye. Usually, it clears up within 7 to 14 days without medication.
Chloramphenicol is a potent bacteriostatic, broad-spectrum antibiotic that can be used in adults and children aged 2 years and over to treat acute bacterial conjunctivitis. It’s available as chloramphenicol eye drops and ointment.
4. Macular Degeneration
When the nerves in your eyes become affected, macular degeneration occurs. It is always lifelong and can lead to serious loss of vision, the appearance of blind spots, and difficulty measuring distances. These symptoms normally get worse over time.
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Currently, there is no established cure for this common eye disease. Nevertheless, there are preventative steps that you should take. These include blood pressure monitoring, living a healthy lifestyle, and wearing sunglasses when outdoors.
5. Dry eyes
In contrast to tearing, dry eyes are caused when adequate tears can not be produced by a person for adequate lubrication of the eyes. This can cause the eyes to become highly irritated and cause surface damage eventually. Burning sensation, redness, eye fatigue, and eye sensitivity are the most common symptoms of dry eyes.
If you experience dry eyes, a number of different triggers can be identified. It may be caused by certain medications, another medical disorder, or due to age. Dry eyes can be caused by inflammation. Inflammation of the eyes usually stems from a condition known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, also called dry eye syndrome.
There are particular measures, however, that can keep things from getting worse. Eye drops, for instance, are a perfect way to keep them well lubricated and can take some of the pressure away. Cyclosporine (Restasis) is a prescription eye drop that treats inflammation that causes eye dryness. Artificial tears eye drop can be used to adequately lubricate the eyes.
Tearing is among the common eye diseases you need to take seriously. Tearing is an eye condition in which there is an excess of tears without explanation. The individual looks like he/she is weeping. It is also known as epiphora or watering eye. One of the most common causes in children is a blocked tear duct, but it may also be due to an irritant causing over-production of tears.
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Depending on the course of the tearing process, treatment procedures can differ. However, it can easily be treated in most cases by either removing the irritant, treating the underlying infection, or having minor surgery.
Presbyopia is a medical name given to the process of gradually losing your eyesight with age. This is due to the inability of your eyes to adequately concentrate on surrounding objects. For starters, you will need to pull the object closer or further away from you in order to see them clearly. While it inevitably ends up affecting everyone, some people are more vulnerable than others. This is one of the common eye diseases noticed usually at old age.
To treat this eye disease, the most popular solution is bifocal or progressive lens eyeglasses. A bifocal lens is split into two sections. The larger, primary section corrects for distance vision, while the smaller, secondary section allows you to see up close. You may, however, opt to undergo refractive surgery or implant installation.
8. Refractive Errors
The list of common eye diseases will never be complete without mentioning refractive errors. When the eye is unable to correctly bend light, it is called a Refractive error. It can blur your vision and trigger eye crossing in kids occasionally. Most cases should be treated with corrective lenses but in certain situations, refractive surgery can also be used.
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The cornea is a dome with a clear outline at the front of your eye. Keratoconus is a disease that happens when this dome thins and becomes more cone-shaped. It causes your vision to blur, like all of these common eye diseases, and you can become very sensitive to light.
It can be fixed with glasses or with fitted contact lenses during the early stages. However, a transplant may be required if it becomes more serious.
Often known as Lazy Eye, when one eye has diminished vision, Amblyopia occurs. This then causes the weaker eye to wander in various directions. Premature infants and people with developmental disabilities are most at risk, but it may also affect those in a family with a history of amblyopia.
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Since it happens early on, once diagnosed, it can be treated quite quickly. Corrective eye lenses would be provided in most cases, but it is also possible to offer eye patches and eye drops to help support the weaker eye. Cycloplegic eye drops are as effective as eye patches for the treatment of amblyopia, or lazy eye. Surgery may also be required in certain cases; this is not normal, though.r
Small specks that float in the fluid in your eye are called floaters. They do not cause any discomfort, although they may seem overwhelming. They can be a bit of a nuisance, however. They are caused by ageing in most cases, but they can also occur if you have had eye trauma that has resulted in eye-bleeding or inflammation. If they become more abundant, or if they begin to affect your peripheral vision, you may need to see a doctor.
There are other ways to minimize this eye condition. You can get laser treatment or surgery to remove them. To get started, take a look at some natural remedies for eye floaters.
These are the eleven common eye diseases and how you can treat them. Make sure you visit your nearest optometrist to have an eye examination if you notice that you are having any of the above symptoms. You have the opportunity to identify the disease as early as possible and increase the chances of preserving your eyesight. A bling man is worse than a crippled man. Never joke with your vision!
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