Hormonal disorders are problems with hormonal balance in the body. Hormones are secreted by various organs – problems with the functioning of a given organ can lead to impaired secretion (reduced or excessive) of hormones.
Problems with the endocrine system can lead to many health problems – both physical and mental. Here you can find a complete guide about hormonal imbalance for men especially dealing with testosterone.
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Basic Testosterone Guide for Men (Infographics)
Symptoms Of Hormonal Disorders
Hormonal disorders can cause many troublesome symptoms and ailments. Dysregulation of hormonal balance is manifested by weight fluctuations (excessive weight gain or excessive weight loss), the appearance of excessive hair (a particularly onerous symptom for women), mood swings, and, for example, a decrease in libido. There are skin changes, primarily acne, and menstrual cycle disorders. The latter effects of hormonal imbalances are particularly problematic for women who want to become pregnant because they can even cause infertility.
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Hormonal weight gain is usually caused by hypothyroidism or disturbed insulin secretion (so-called insulin resistance). The hormones secreted by the thyroid gland affect the metabolic processes in the body, i.e. the so-called metabolism. Their deficiency results in slowing down the metabolic rate, and thus – weight gain. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
If the functioning of the pancreas is disturbed, hormonal disorders appear related to the secretion of insulin needed to maintain sugar at an appropriate level. They also appear when the tissues react badly to the insulin secreted by the pancreas and the body must secrete more insulin to cope with excess sugar. Excess insulin causes difficulties in burning fat and causes hunger pangs, which results in weight gain.
The appearance of excessive hair growth (hirsutism) is caused by hormonal disorders from sex hormones secreted by the ovaries in women and the adrenal glands in men.
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Also, a decrease in libido is associated with imbalances of sex hormones. The hormone responsible for the decrease in libido is mainly prolactin, which is secreted naturally after delivery. If its level is higher in other life situations, then it’s recommended to see a gynecologist.
Hormonal disorders also cause mood swings. Happiness is primarily influenced by thyroid hormones and sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone – which is why many women experience discomfort associated with a decrease in mood swings before menstruation and during menopause when the levels of “sex hormones” in the body change.
A very serious symptom of hormonal disorders associated with the disruption of the endocrine system of the sexual system is dysregulation of the menstrual cycle. Cycles become irregular and anovulatory, menstruation may disappear completely and infertility may occur.
Causes Of Hormonal Disorders
The cause of hormonal disorders can be diseases of the organs responsible for the production of a given hormone (e.g. ovaries, adrenal glands, thyroid), natural processes in the body such as puberty and menopause, inadequate diet and unhealthy lifestyle, as well as stress.
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How To Treat And Prevent Hormonal Disorders?
Endocrinologists deal with the treatment of hormonal disorders. Treatment depends on the cause of the hormonal disorder. Prevention of hormonal disorders is primarily a proper diet, a healthy lifestyle – that is, ensuring the right amount of physical effort and movement in the fresh air – and developing effective ways to manage stress.